We need people – people like those in TB Alert, who are focused and ambitious and care for people at grass roots in the UK, India and Africa. Dr Lucica Ditiu, Executive Secretary of the Stop TB Partnership
In recent years, the number of cases of TB has begun to stabilise – at around 9,000 cases annually. This follows a two decade period, beginning in 1987, in which cases of TB rose year on year from a low of 5,745 cases.
Drug resistant TB is posing an increasing threat in the UK. Case numbers increased by 26 percent between 2010 and 2011 to 1.6% of all cases, where they remained in 2012. Cases of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) have trebled in 12 years.
In 2012, 73% of TB cases were found among people born outside the UK, predominantly in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. However, rates in the UK born population remained at 4.1 cases per 100,000, demonstrating that TB continues to be transmitted within the UK. TB remains an issue that is associated with health inequality in the UK. People living with HIV made up 4% of TB cases, whilst 7.3% of cases had at least one social risk factor for TB:
- 2.8% had a history of problem drug use
- 3.2% of alcohol misuse
- 2.4% of homelessness
- 2.8% had a history of imprisonment
References and further information
Tuberculosis in the UK 2013 Report, Public Health England 2013
Tuberculosis in the UK 2012 Report, Health Protection Agency, 2012